Liberation of Pilsen

Liberation of Pilsen

05-05-1945 - 06-05-1945

Keywords for this storyline
Fighting Liberation Victory and defeat
Liberation Route Europe

Liberation of Pilsen

The final phase of the war

By 1945 it was clear that Nazi-Germany would lose the war. In May the Czech population rose up against the German occupying forces in several places, including Pilsen. At the same time the Red Army was approaching the country from the East and the Western Allied forces from the West.

On 5 May 1945 the population of Pilsen rose up against the Nazi occupation. Citizens entered the streets and began to tear down Nazi symbols. German forces reacted by besieging the city in an attempt to suppress the uprising. The civilian population of Pilsen desperately needed American forces to arrive as soon as possible.

Early in the morning of 6 May American tanks from the 16th Armoured division set out for Pilsen, reaching the city around 08.00 hours. The first unit into town was Combat Command B led by Colonel Charles Noble. The American forces encountered sporadic resistance from German soldiers and were shot at from the tower of the cathedral. It soon, however, became apparent that further fighting was futile and the German commander, General von Majewski decided to surrender. Around 14.15 hours General von Majewski signed the capitulation ordering is troops to put up no further resistance. Afterwards he committed suicide before the eyes of his staff and wife.

The 16th Armored Division was followed by the 2nd Infantry Division and the 17th Belgian Fusilier Battalion which included 700 volunteers who had joined the U.S. Army after the liberation of Liege. There are several monuments in the city of Pilsen commemorating the Allied forces that took part in the liberation of the city.

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