When the war broke out Italy was part of the Axis alliance under its dictator Benito Mussolini. Italy fought alongside Germany until 1943 when it switched sides to join the Allies after their invasion of the Italian mainland

Liberation Route Europe

Liberation Route Europe in Italy

On 10 July 1943 Allied forces invaded Sicily. Two weeks later Mussolini was deposed but he would be reinstated at the head of an Italian puppet state by the Germans later on. On 3 September 1943 Allied forces landed on the Italian mainland and the Italians agreed to an armistice. The Germans responded quickly by occupying the country and taking up strong defensive positions. Heavy fighting continued in Italy until the end of the war at places such as Anzio, Salerno and Monte Casino.


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