The NetherlandsGelderland

In September 1944 the Dutch province Gelderland would become the scene of heavy fighting. Here the Allies would attempt to capture bridges over several large rivers to ensure a swift advance towards the heart of Germany.
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Liberation Route Europe

Liberation Route:The NetherlandsGelderland

In September 1944 the Allies launched Operation Market Garden. The goal of the operation was to capture several bridges in the Netherlands and to secure a quick route into Germany. To achieve this mission, paratroopers were dropped around Eindhoven, Nijmegen and Arnhem to capture and hold the bridges until they could be relieved by the ground forces. Unfortunately for the Allies, the bridge at Arnhem turned out to be a bridge too far.

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Highlighted story: Operation Market Garden

Operation Market Garden was one of the largest Allied operations of the Second World War. It aimed to secure the bridges over the rivers Maas (Meuse), Waal and Rhine in the Netherlands in order to outflank the heavy German defences of the Siegfried Line and to insure a swift advance towards Berlin.

The Largest Airborne Operation in History
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Operation Market Garden
American paratroopers land near Groesbeek during Operation Market Garden.

Operation Market Garden was one of the largest Allied operations of the Second World War. It took place in September 1944. The goal of the operation was to secure the key bridges over three wide rivers in the Netherlands (Maas/Meuse, Waal and Rhine, respectively) in order to outflank the heavy German defences of the Siegfried Line (Westwall) which protected heartland Germany beyond the Rhine. It was hoped that with a swift advance towards Berlin the war would be over before Christmas.

Market Garden was a risky plan of British Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery. It was executed by 41.628 English, American and Polish airborne troops and three divisions on the ground.
The operation consisted of two parts. Operation Market was the largest airborne operation in the history of warfare. Operation Garden was the campaign on the ground of the 30th Corps aimed at securing the bridges captured by the airborne forces.

The operation was highly ambitious and in the end it failed due to weather conditions and heavy German opposition, especially near Arnhem. But there were more causes of failure: The airborne drop zones were situated too far from the Nijmegen and Arnhem bridges. Combined with communication problems, the laborious advance of the ground troops and a few mistakes by the high commanders in the final days of the operation, they led to failure in the end. After the successful Battle of Nijmegen the Allies did not manage to take the last bridge in Arnhem: the proverbial ‘Bridge Too Far’.

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